Vernacular SEA (South East Asia) - Major Elements and Technology


Technology


  • Materials - Use of locally available materials Well adapted to local environment
  • Joining, pegging, wedging/binding and mortising most significant in roof construction
  • The superstructure mainly consists of prefabricated screens attached to structural components.
  • Post/Columns are used as load bearing components.
  • Wall - Not a priority instead screens are used. Non load bearing walls
  • Wood - Hardwood (Teak, Cengal) is used. Bamboo is also used for temporary buildings
  • Roofing - Palm leaf and grass thatching
  • Foundation - Raised platform. Varies across region; Some are built directly on ground. Low pile foundations are used in west Java. Raised floor is effectively used in Thailand.

Components/Region; Example.

Region
Component
Description
Example
Toba Batak Village - Indonesia
Roof
Saddle backed roof

Extended ridge and
sloping gable

Toba House
North Sumatra - Indonesia
Roof
(Batak Architecture)
Saddle backed roof
Different variations
Karo batak
North Sumatra
 
Tana Toraja South Sulawesi, Indonesia
Foundation
Stand on high piles
Traditional Torajan ancestral houses.

Tongkonan
 
Roof
Layered split bamboo
Curved arc shape.
Tongkonan means ‘to sit’.
Tongkonan Layuk, Tongkonan pekamberan.